Leadership styles in education

8 Common Leadership Styles

For this method to be successful, the principal must continually seek the betterment of entire educational system, and possess a personality that will help in the implementation of the aforementioned requirements of instructional leadership.

The study revealed that an autocratic style was an advantage in attaining a high level of performance short-term, but was accompanied by negative feelings. For many years, research focused on the development and examination of models describing different leadership styles and their influence on various situations.

4 Major Types of Educational Leadership

How best to get the job done and work with others. How we receive and translate it into our daily way of life is quite largely dependent upon the way it gets passed on.

Classification is dependent upon two typical behaviors or styles of leaders: In addition, transformational leadership empowers teachers and raises their motivation towards their profession. In education, there is often more at stake for employees who quite often understand their jobs to be more than just a simple exchange of services for money, but rather see their higher purpose.

The link between a value system and leadership style in the educational system has been studied in two researches in Israel. It is reasonable to assume that those with moral value systems who tend towards a transformative leadership style, will succeed in challenging their staffs, will lead organizational processes that will result in empowerment of teachers and an improvement in their performance, and will show interest in the process and not just in the final result, performing evaluation processes and accompanying the teachers.

In the 21st century, the character traits and behaviors of leaders continued to be studied. In addition, a leader must be aware of all moral and legal consequences of decision-making and strive to practice inclusive leadership with an emphasis on cultural diversity. Because this approach focuses on praise, employees might believe that mediocrity is tolerated, so combining the affiliative style with the coercive style provides a balance.

Empowering the entire education system is the primary goal of the leader practicing this style. The educational leader is actively involved in the development of the educational system and the supervision of its undertakings.

Bass [ 11 ] added to Burns' more preliminary ideas. This research may contribute to the understanding of the difficulties andobstacles faced by school principals in making decisionson a more intelligent introduction and use of effective organizational processes.

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Her word can move the stock market and social issues for the better. When transformational leadership fails, the last resort is quite often transactional leadership, which is easy and straightforward, if less than effective in the long term.

Leadership style is considered to be a component contributing significantly to the organization's success, particularly when human assets and resources are considered to be the main factor in the organization's success and prosperity [ 13 ].

Transformational Leadership takes Service Leadership to the next level. Emotional Leadership Where transactional leadership was concerned primarily with the exchange of goods and services, emotional leadership is concerned with the feelings and motivations of followers.

It has a definite moral dimension. In terms of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, transformational leaders activate higher needs in their followers. Researchers interviewed teachers, parents, students and members of the school management committee, as well as the principals themselves.

The first one is extensive use by the transactional principal of "conditional" rewards — leadership focusing on the exchange of sources by granting tangible monetary or intangible support to employees for their efforts. As a school principal is the leader of a team, his leadership style has great impact.

The work hypothesis is that principals with moral value systems will tend to adopt a transformative leadership style, while principals with pragmatic leadership styles will tend to adopt a transactional leadership style.

Science and Education Publishing

Leadership is not always about being in front. Current professional literature on leadership engages in two levels of influence existing between a leader and his followers.

Types of Effective Leadership Styles in Schools

In addition, a positive correlation was found between transformational leadership and team and organization performance [ ].

Transformational leadership has been found to be more closely linked to leader efficiency and employee satisfaction than transactional leadership [ 35 ]. According to the "Great Man Theory", which formed a basis for the trait approach, a leader is someone endowed with extraordinary traits with which he influences the team.

Thompson deducted from this that when attempting to increase the effectiveness of any particular leader, he shouldn't learn to adapt his style to the situation, but rather construct the situation that corresponds to his style [ ]. In view of this dynamic, changing reality, the rising competition and technological changes that increase the need among organizations for leadership that can unite and rally forces to attain organizational objectives without need for use of any types of rewards, by awakening autonomic motivation, loyalty and commitment.

The role of a leader is as mediator between organizational goals and individual needs, and therefore, his behavior style should correspond to the situational variables, so that the required organizational output will be attained [ ].

Principals with moral value systems were perceived to be principals who served personal example, obtaining the best from each teacher, relating to all subordinates as fundamentally good people, nurturing the teachers, and encouraging them to be creative and to introduce changes in the system.

Education happens in the real world, where unfortunately people have shortcomings and quite often need guidance in order to get things going in the right direction.

Thus, for any of these methods to be effective, bringing those inherent leadership qualities to the fore will make the necessary difference, and bring about the required change. One of the conclusions in his article is that the heads of educational institutions must have more transformational and less transactional leadership style to be able to remain efficient in filling their leadership obligations [ ].

Leadership research from to focused on development of the situational approach with an emphasis on the most efficient leadership style [ ]. Within the framework of the situational approach, models describing different leadership styles and their influence on various situations are produced.

These characteristics are a mechanical means of control, used when the emphasis is placed first on optimal production output [ 11 ], and can correspond in nature to principals' value systems.

This is where transformational leadership can step in to compliment transactional leadership, taking the whole process as step further by building upon other forms of motivation outside of simply the exchange of goods and services for money. 2 Other Leadership Styles in Education In addition to servant leadership, there are a few current leadership theories that have either evolved from or are closely aligned with servant leadership.

Authentic Leadership. In education, the different leadership styles that are known to be most effective have been mentioned here. Ultimately, however, the type that will be most effective is one that suits the personality of the leader, i.e., the principal, and the openness of the group members, i.e., teachers, to the types that are implemented within the.

There are four major styles of leadership which apply well in the educational setting. While each of these styles has its good points, there is a wide berth of variation, and in fact transformational leadership is truly an amalgamation of the best attributes of the other three.

Leadership styles — what works when? The research suggested that two of the styles, coercive and pacesetting, could have a negative impact on the school.

The coercive style is the least effective in most organisational situations because flexibility is hardest hit along with people's sense of responsibility. 2 Other Leadership Styles in Education In addition to servant leadership, there are a few current leadership theories that have either evolved from or are closely aligned with.

Home › Education Leadership There are four major styles of leadership which apply well in the educational setting. While each of these styles has its good points, there is a wide berth of variation, and in fact transformational leadership is truly an amalgamation of the best attributes of the other three.

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Leadership styles in education
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Types of Effective Leadership Styles in Schools - Standard for Success